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List of time zone abbreviations. List of UTC time offsets. It has been suggested that List of UTC time offsets be merged into this article.
Discuss Proposed since May Retrieved December 5, How we got it. A Lead to the World". Retrieved October 2, Railroad Time Goes Coast to Coast".
Retrieved July 30, Archived from the original PDF on May 14, Archived from the original on October 5, Archived January 17, , at the Wayback Machine.
Retrieved February 13, Protocols of the proceedings. Retrieved August 22, Government Printing Office, , , Dutton's Navigation and Piloting.
United States Naval Institute, Greenwich Time and the Discovery of the Longitude. Oxford University Press, Retrieved January 11, Archived from the original on November 14, Retrieved May 11, Google Calendar Help as of Oct.
Retrieved January 22, Archived from the original on June 23, Retrieved April 14, Past history deep time Present Future Futures studies Far future in religion Far future in science fiction and popular culture Timeline of the far future Eternity Eternity of the world.
Time zone Six-hour clock hour clock hour clock Daylight saving time Solar time Sidereal time Metric time Decimal time Hexadecimal time.
Horology History of timekeeping devices Main types astrarium atomic quantum hourglass marine sundial sundial markup schema watch mechanical stopwatch water-based Cuckoo clock Digital clock Grandfather clock.
Geological time age chron eon epoch era period Geochronology Geological history of Earth. Chronological dating Chronobiology Circadian rhythms Dating methodologies in archaeology Time geography.
Time measurement and standards. Chronometry Orders of magnitude Metrology. Ephemeris time Greenwich Mean Time Prime meridian.
Absolute space and time Spacetime Chronon Continuous signal Coordinate time Cosmological decade Discrete time and continuous time Planck time Proper time Theory of relativity Time dilation Gravitational time dilation Time domain Time translation symmetry T-symmetry.
Chronological dating Geologic time scale International Commission on Stratigraphy. Galactic year Nuclear timescale Precession Sidereal time.
Retrieved from " https: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 errors: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage.
A great part of the world has a gap between the official time and the solar time. US -, MX -. Baker Island , Howland Island both uninhabited.
American Samoa , Niue. French Polynesia most , United States Hawaii. United States Aleutian Islands. French Polynesia Marquesas Islands.
French Polynesia Gambier Islands. United States most of Alaska. Canada island of Newfoundland , southeastern Labrador. Kiribati Gilbert Islands , Russia Kamchatka.
Fiji , New Zealand most. New Zealand Chatham Islands. San Francisco , Los Angeles. Winnipeg , Chicago , Mexico City. Caracas , La Paz , Santiago.
Greenland , Rio de Janeiro , Buenos Aires. London , Lisbon , Algiers , Monrovia. Paris , Rome , Lagos , Kinshasa. Helsinki , Moscow , Cairo , Cape Town.
Winston-Salem , North Carolina. Croix des Bouquets , Ouest. Durham , North Carolina. Nassau , New Providence. Diez de Octubre , La Habana.
Jamaica , New York. Rochester , New York. Arroyo Naranjo , La Habana. Las Tunas , Las Tunas. Fayetteville , North Carolina. Machala , El Oro.
Yonkers , New York. Boyeros , La Habana. Grand Rapids , Michigan. Richmond Hill , Ontario. Pacific" and leaving viewers in the remaining time zones to calculate start time in their own areas.
Cuba generally follows the U. The Turks and Caicos Islands used to follow eastern time with daylight saving but switched in to the Atlantic Time Zone.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Time in the United States. Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 30 March Chamber of Deputies Mexico.
Retrieved 29 January Time zones in North America. Retrieved from " https: CS1 Spanish-language sources es Articles with short description Pages using infobox time zone All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from August Views Read Edit View history.
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EDT, clocks are moved back to 1: EST, thus "duplicating" one hour. Southern parts of the zone Panama and the Caribbean do not observe daylight saving time.
The boundaries of the Eastern Time Zone have moved westward since the Interstate Commerce Commission took over time-zone management from railroads in For example, the easternmost and northernmost counties in Kentucky were added to the zone in the s, and in most of the state went Eastern.
So local times change at 2: EDT on the second Sunday in March and return at 2: EST on the first Sunday in November.
In Canada , the following provinces and territories are part of the Eastern Time Zone:. Seventeen states and Washington, D.
Eastern Time is also used somewhat as a de facto official time for all of the United States because it includes the capital city Washington D.
For this reason, media organizations will often report when events happened or are scheduled to happen in Eastern Time even if they occurred in another time zone, and TV schedules are also almost always posted in Eastern Time.
In the United States, all nationally televised morning programs except Good Morning America Weekend Edition which some ABC affiliates on the east coast air on a tape-delay , some daytime talk shows, evening newscasts, most talent and awards shows, and any other nationally televised event that airs live on American television during prime time and on the weekends such as sports television are broadcast live in the Eastern Time Zone.
Timekeeping on the American railroads in the midth century was somewhat confused. Each railroad used its own standard time, usually based on the local time of its headquarters or most important terminus, and the railroad's train schedules were published using its own time.
Some junctions served by several railroads had a clock for each railroad, each showing a different time.
Dowd proposed a system of one-hour standard time zones for American railroads about , although he published nothing on the matter at that time and did not consult railroad officials until In he proposed four ideal time zones having north—south borders , the first centered on Washington, D.
Dowd's system was never accepted by American railroads. Allen, the editor of the Traveler's Official Railway Guide.
For example, the border between its Eastern and Central time zones ran through Detroit , Buffalo , Pittsburgh , Atlanta , and Charleston. It was inaugurated on Sunday, November 18, , also called "The Day of Two Noons",  when each railroad station clock was reset as standard-time noon was reached within each time zone.
The confusion of times came to an end when Standard zone time was formally adopted by the U. Congress in the Standard Time Act of March 19, The first known person to conceive of a worldwide system of time zones was the Italian mathematician Quirico Filopanti.
He introduced the idea in his book Miranda! He proposed 24 hourly time zones, which he called "longitudinal days", the first centred on the meridian of Rome.
He also proposed a universal time to be used in astronomy and telegraphy. But his book attracted no attention until long after his death. Scottish-born Canadian Sir Sandford Fleming proposed a worldwide system of time zones in He advocated his system at several international conferences, and is credited with "the initial effort that led to the adoption of the present time meridians".
In he specified that his universal day would begin at the anti-meridian of Greenwich th meridian , while conceding that hourly time zones might have some limited local use.
He also proposed his system at the International Meridian Conference in October , but it did not adopt his time zones because they were not within its purview.
The conference did adopt a universal day of 24 hours beginning at Greenwich midnight, but specified that it "shall not interfere with the use of local or standard time where desirable".
By about , almost all time on Earth was in the form of standard time zones, only some of which used an hourly offset from GMT. Many applied the time at a local astronomical observatory to an entire country, without any reference to GMT.
By , most major countries had adopted hourly time zones. Today, all nations use standard time zones for secular purposes, but they do not all apply the concept as originally conceived.
Newfoundland , India, Iran, Afghanistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, the Marquesas , as well as parts of Australia use half-hour deviations from standard time, and some nations, such as Nepal, and some provinces, such as the Chatham Islands of New Zealand, use quarter-hour deviations.
ISO is an international standard that defines methods of representing dates and times in textual form, including specifications for representing time zones.
UTC time is also known as "Zulu" time, since "Zulu" is a phonetic alphabet code word for the letter "Z".
This numeric representation of time zones is appended to local times in the same way that alphabetic time zone abbreviations or "Z", as above are appended.
The offset from UTC changes with daylight saving time , e. Time zones are often represented by alphabetic abbreviations such as "EST", "WST", and "CST", but these are not part of the international time and date standard ISO and their use as sole designator for a time zone is discouraged.
These examples give the local time at various locations around the world when daylight saving time is not in effect:. Where the adjustment for time zones results in a time at the other side of midnight from UTC, then the date at the location is one day later or earlier.
The time-zone adjustment for a specific location may vary because of daylight saving time. The more familiar term "UTC offset" is used here rather than the term "zone designator" used by the standard.
For example, the New York Stock Exchange opens at These calculations become more complicated near a daylight saving boundary because the UTC offset for zone X is a function of the UTC time.
Since the s a nautical standard time system has been in operation for ships on the high seas. Nautical time zones are an ideal form of the terrestrial time zone system.
A nautical date line is implied but not explicitly drawn on time zone maps. It follows the th meridian except where it is interrupted by territorial waters adjacent to land, forming gaps: A ship within the territorial waters of any nation would use that nation's standard time, but would revert to nautical standard time upon leaving its territorial waters.
The captain is permitted to change the ship's clocks at a time of the captain's choice following the ship's entry into another time zone.
The captain often chooses midnight. Ships going in shuttle traffic over a time zone border often keep the same time zone all the time, to avoid confusion about work, meal, and shop opening hours.
Still the time table for port calls must follow the land time zone. Ideal time zones, such as nautical time zones, are based on the mean solar time of a particular meridian located in the middle of that zone with boundaries located 7.
In practice, zone boundaries are often drawn much farther to the west with often irregular boundaries, and some locations base their time on meridians located far to the east.
They were obliged to follow German time during the war, and kept it thereafter. In the mid s the Netherlands, as with other European states, began observing daylight saving summer time.
There is a tendency to draw time zone boundaries far to the west of their meridians. The main reason for this is that similar working day schedules around the world have led to people rising on average at Another reason is that it can allow the more efficient use of sunlight.
To make solar noon coincide more with awake time noon i. Many of these locations also use DST , adding yet another nautical time zone to the east.
This westernmost area of continental Spain never experiences sunset before Stockholm has much earlier sunrises, though.
Many countries, and sometimes just certain regions of countries, adopt daylight saving time also known as "Summer Time" during part of the year.
This typically involves advancing clocks by an hour near the start of spring and adjusting back in autumn "spring forward", "fall back".
Modern DST was first proposed in and was in widespread use in as a wartime measure aimed at conserving coal. Despite controversy , many countries have used it off and on since then; details vary by location and change occasionally.
Most countries around the equator do not observe daylight saving time, since the seasonal difference in sunlight is minimal. Computer operating systems include the necessary support for working with all or almost all possible local times based on the various time zones.
Internally, operating systems typically use UTC as their basic time-keeping standard , while providing services for converting local times to and from UTC, and also the ability to automatically change local time conversions at the start and end of daylight saving time in the various time zones.
See the article on daylight saving time for more details on this aspect. Web servers presenting web pages primarily for an audience in a single time zone or a limited range of time zones typically show times as a local time, perhaps with UTC time in brackets.
More internationally oriented websites may show times in UTC only or using an arbitrary time zone.
The format is typically based in the W3C Note "datetime". Email systems and other messaging systems IRC chat , etc.
Database records that include a time stamp typically use UTC, especially when the database is part of a system that spans multiple time zones.
The use of local time for time-stamping records is not recommended for time zones that implement daylight saving time because once a year there is a one-hour period when local times are ambiguous.
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Santiago de Cuba , Santiago de Cuba. Staten Island , New York. Virginia Beach , Virginia. Santa Marta , Magdalena.South Boston , Massachusetts. Jahrhunderts eingeführte Telegrafie ermöglichte es, die Standardzeit an alle Bahnhöfe zur Steuerung der Bahnhofsuhren zu übermitteln. Jahrhunderts eingeführte Telegrafie ermöglichte es, die Standardzeit an alle Bahnhöfe zur Steuerung der Bahnhofsuhren zu übermitteln. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. September um Die quer über den Kontinent geführten Eisenbahnstrecken erforderten mehrere Standardzeiten. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. North York , Ontario. Bei Ost-West- oder West-Ost-Reisen an Bord eines Schiffes wird die Zeitumstellung recht willkürlich gehandhabt und die Tage, an denen eine Umstellung erfolgt, den betrieblichen Erfordernissen an Bord entsprechend festgelegt. Borough of Queens , New York. Diez de OctubreLa Habana. Time zones are often represented by alphabetic abbreviations such as "EST", "WST", and "CST", but these are not part of the international time and date standard ISO and their use as sole designator for a time zone is discouraged. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones. Beste Spielothek in Hochwald finden specializing in the Beste Spielothek in Zienitzen finden of sports events, such as ESPNadvertise all of their programming in Eastern and Pacific, incorporating the 3-hour time difference as in "8: The first known person to conceive of a worldwide system of time zones was the Lucky emperor casino spielautomaten mathematician Quirico Filopanti. Richmond HillOntario. More internationally oriented websites may show times in UTC only or using an arbitrary time zone. South BostonMassachusetts. List of time Beste Spielothek in Dützen finden abbreviations. GreensboroNorth Carolina. Greenwich Mean Time GMT was established inwhen the B?trackid=sp-006 Observatory was built, as an aid to mariners to determine longitude at sea, providing a standard reference time while each city in England kept a different local time. Geological time age chron eon epoch era period Beste Spielothek in Besendorf finden Geological history of Earth. For other uses, see Time Beste Spielothek in Evolene finden disambiguation. Archived from the original on October 5, Archived January 17,at the Wayback Machine.